Table of contents
- How to write Bengali?
- How to write Bengali phonetically?
- Phonetic Key map.
- Access Key / Shortcut Keys.
- Skip links (How to skip specific content area or jump to main content if you are a keyboard user).
- Auto Complete Search / Search suggestions while typing in serch field.
- Browser Compatibility.
- NVDA shortcut keys.
- Download Screen Reading Software.
How to write Bengali?
If your device has not any Bengali writing software installed, still you are able to write Bengali for searching word from dictionary database.
Once you press keyboard layout button, Unijoy for example, all your input characters will be converted into Unicode Bengali characters. If you type H, it will be turned into ব. Same will happen for Phonetic. If you type H, it will be turned into হ. Pressing English button will back you to English layout.
How to write Bengali phonetically?
Take a look below at the character map. It shows you the key map to every character. You just press them and you will see bangla as output. As this is phonetic, You have to write kars after the character. Here are some examples:
আমি = ami
তুমি = tumi
তোমার = tOmar
অমর = omor
আবহ = aboho
ওজুহাত = oojuhat
মুখোশ = mukhOsh
Remember, phonetic bangla is case sensitive.
How to write Conjunctions Phonetically?
Just add a plus (+) sign between two characters. see the folowwing example.
রাষ্ট্র্র = raSh+T+ro
ব্যস্ত = bYs+to
কর্ম = kor+mo
ক্ষমতা = k+Shomota
যন্ত্রণা = zon+t+roNa
বিজ্ঞান = bij+NGan
বিহঙ্গ = bihoNg+go
উষ্ণ = uSh+No
বঞ্চনা = boNG+cona
মনোরঞ্জন = monOroNG+jon
অসাম্প্রদায়িক = osam+p+rodayik
কিংকর্তব্যবিমূঢ় = kingkor+tobYobimuuRh
Make sure you are aware of small letter and capital letter while typing.
- অ = o
- আ = a
- ই = I/i
- ঈ = I I
- ঊ = U/u
- ঊ =U U
- ঋ =Q
- এ = E/e
- ঐ = O I
- ও =oo
- ঔ = OU
- ক = k
- খ = kh/K
- গ = g
- ঘ = gh/G
- ঙ = Ng
- চ = c
- ছ = C/ch
- জ = j
- ঝ = J/jh
- ঞ = NG
- ট = T
- ঠ = Th
- ড = D
- ঢ = Dh
- ণ = N
- ত = t
- থ = th
- দ = d
- ধ =dh
- ন = n
- প = p
- ফ = ph, f
- ব = b
- ভ =bh/v
- ম = m
- য = z
- র = r
- ল = l
- শ = sh/S
- স = s
- ষ = Sh
- হ =h
- ড় = R
- ঢ় = Rh
- য় =y
- ৎ = Tt
- ং = ng
- ্ = HH
- ঁ = NN
- া = a
- ি = i
- ী = i i
- ু = u
- ূ = u u
- ৃ = q
- ে = e
- ৈ = O i
- ো = O
- ৌ = O u
- ঃ = H
- ্র= +r
- ্ব= +b
- ্য= Y
- রেফ = r+
- ক্ষ = k+Sh
- ঞ্জ = NG+j
- ঞ্চ = NG+c
- জ্ঞ = j+NG
- ষ্ণ = S+N
- ঙ্গ = Ng+g
- হ্ন = H+N
If you want Avro, Bijoy Bahanno, Unijoy for android or any other Bengali writing software which already installed in your device then select English Keybord from the toolbar of Serch Landmark.
Access Key / Shortcut Key
The accesskey attribute specifies a shortcut key to activate/focus an element.
Access key "s" for activating or focusing Search field.
Access key "r" stands for removing search result and focus search field
Access key "h" for activating homepage link.
Note: The way of accessing the shortcut key is varying in different browsers:
|Internet Explorer||[Alt] + accesskey||N/A|
|Chrome||[Alt] + accesskey||[Alt] + accesskey||[Control] [Alt] + accesskey|
|Firefox||[Alt] [Shift] + accesskey||[Alt] [Shift] + accesskey||[Control] [Alt] + accesskey|
|Safari||[Alt] + accesskey||N/A||[Control] [Alt] + accesskey|
|Opera||Opera 15 or newer: [Alt] + accesskey
Opera 12.1 or older: [Shift] [Esc] + accesskey
However, in most browsers the shortcut can be set to another combination of keys.
How to skip specific content or jump to main content if you are a keyboard user
Each dictionary page contains two or three skip links.
- Skip banner = You may find “Skip banner” link at the top of the page. Clicking this link takes you to Search Section which is just beneath the banner. You may not need to navigate banner section each time and you can skip the banner easily.
- Skip to main content = “Skip to main content” link at the top of the page will bring you to the section of the page where the main content starts. Main content section resides after everything of top of the page including banner, search section and alphabetical navigation menu.
- Skip alphabetical navigation menu = Alphabetical navigation menu contains all vowels and consonants as links. You can browse pages in alphabetic order which means link “ক” will show all words starts with “ক”. You can skip the menu by clicking “Skip alphabetical navigation menu”. Screen reader will ignore and jump to next section or next content.
Auto Complete Search / Search suggestions while typing in serch field
When you type at least 3 characters, suggested Words are displayed in a dropdown list.
When the menu is open, the following key commands are available:
UP: Move focus to the previous item. If on first item, move focus to the input. If on the input, move focus to last item.
DOWN: Move focus to the next item. If on last item, move focus to the input. If on the input, move focus to the first item.
ESCAPE: Close the menu.
ENTER: Select the currently focused item and close the menu.
TAB: Select the currently focused item, close the menu, and move focus to the next focusable element.
PAGE UP/PAGE DOWN: Scroll through a page of items (based on height of menu).
When the menu is closed, UP/DOWN key are available to open the menu, if the minmum length (3 characters) has been met.
Latest version of Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer are supported. IE8 has native support and version bellow IE8 is not supported.
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NVDA shortcut keys
Keyboard shortcuts for NVDA allow you to read content by line, sentence, word, character, etc. The following is a list of essential reading shortcuts. With these shortcuts, you should be able to navigate through most content.
- Numpad +: Start reading at the top of the page.
- INSERT + ↓: Start reading at the current position (The NVDA key is set to the INSERT key by default).
- Ctrl: Stop Reading.
- INSERT + ↑ or Numpad 8: Current line.
- Ctrl + ←/→ or Numpad 4/Numpad 6: Previous/next word.
- ↑ or Numpad 7: Prior line.
- ↓ or Numpad 9: Next line.
- Ctrl + ↑: Prior sentence.
- Ctrl + ↓: Next sentence.
- ←/→ or Numpad 1/Numpad 3: Previous/Next character.
- L : Go to next list.
- I : Go to next list item.
- H : Go to next heading.
- D : Go to next landmark/region.
- F : Next form.
- B : Next button.
- Insert + Spacebar : Toggle between forms mode and browse mode.
- Spacebar: Select and deselect checkbox/Radio button.
- ↑/↓: Toggle selection of Radio buttons.
- F5/Ctrl + F5: Page refresh / Hard page refresh. If you get lost, this is how you can start over.
- INSERT + Ctrl + ↑/↓: Rate of speech increase/decrease
Keep in mind that there is a link at the top of this page to skip to main content or Skip header or Skip alphabetical navigation.
The following Quick Keys will help you navigate common page elements.
- H: Headings
- D: Landmarks
- 1 - 6: Headings level 1-6
- F: Forms
- T: Tables
- B: Buttons
- The Search button is often the first button on a page. You can often navigate to the search form but selecting B to jump to the button and then Shift + Tab to navigate to the previous form element – the search text box.
- L: Lists
- I: Items in a list
Shift + Quick Key will allow you to navigate through elements in reverse order (works with most Quick Keys).
Other navigation shortcuts
- NVDA + F7: Elements List - lists page links, headings, and landmarks
- Ctrl + Home: Top of the page
- Ctrl + End: Bottom of the Page
- Alt + D orF6: Browser address bar
Download Screen Reading Software and Application
NVDA (NonVisual Desktop Access) (NVDA is a Freeware and Open source software and Bengali language included)
Google TalkBack (TalkBack comes pre-installed on most Android devices.)